As part of the aftermath of the First World War, this region known as the Moselland (part of the Rhineland) was under Allied occupation and later demilitarized.  It was in 1936 that one of Adolf Hitler's major bluffs was played out here, where he re-militarized this region (with strict orders to withdraw if the Allies enforced the terms of the Versailles Treaty). With the re-militarization of the region, Hitler became very popular, created the image that Germany was strong and that the West lacked the will to fight. This region only saw some engagements near the end of the war in 1945.  The bulk of the fighting in 1945 was along the eastern front with the Germans and the Soviets, hence the region kept most of its beauty.

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